What Is A Property Survey, And How Do I Get One?

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The Backside Line

As a house owner, it’s essential that you simply’re conscious of property traces with the intention to respect your neighbor’s property and keep away from any authorized disputes. Should you’re struggling to seek out your private home’s property traces, make the most of one of many methods talked about above, or go browsing to test. Do not forget that earlier than you begin an out of doors venture resembling constructing a fence on the property line, make sure that to seek the advice of along with your neighbor and an actual property agent about your property’s guidelines and laws.

Are you making an attempt to place in a brand new fence however aren’t certain pay for it? Why not apply for a cash out refinance today?

What Data Do I Want?

A celebration ought to have the property handle or parcel ID, the title of the doc for which he’s looking, the doc quantity, the doc sort and the assessor’s parcel number (APN). The APN would be the assessor’s block and lot quantity.

Requirements and Procedures Handbook for Surveying and Mapping

The Requirements & Procedures for Surveying and Mapping guide supplies a standardized information for marketing consultant land surveyors within the efficiency of surveying and mapping initiatives for the Workplace of Normal Companies.


What are the various kinds of property surveys?

As a result of there are a lot of causes to have a survey accomplished, there are a lot of various kinds of surveys as properly. They embrace:

Land surveys These element the boundaries of a parcel of land.
Topographic surveys These illustrate the airplane and elevation of the land. They’re usually required for web site work resembling street enhancements.
Monumentation surveys These are accomplished if you wish to add a fence to your property.
As-built surveys These decide property traces, but additionally the place enhancements or additions may be made, like driveways and sidewalks.
Mortgage surveys Like as-built surveys, mortgage surveys present property boundaries for a whole property that can be mortgaged.
Floodplain surveys These present flood hazard areas.

If you’re requesting a property survey, be particular about why you want it. That approach, once you get an estimate for the work, it’s correct in relation to what you want accomplished.

As soon as your survey is accomplished, it’s good to position everlasting markers within the floor on the property’s boundaries. Maintain a number of copies of the survey in a secure place — and ideally no less than one along with your financial institution, in case of fireplace or different catastrophe.


Contact the title firm that dealt with the title switch when the sale of the property closed. To problem a title insurance coverage coverage on a property, a title firm usually retains a replica of a property survey to assist present that the title is obvious. Title corporations also can make an exception if no survey is completed, and due to this fact do not present survey protection within the coverage. Relying on the main points of the sale, you could possibly get a replica of the property survey from the title firm.

Can My Neighbor Construct A Fence On The Property Line?

In case your neighbor is considering constructing a fence on the property line between your two properties, they have to pay attention to all mandatory legal guidelines and laws. The place a neighbor can construct a fence on the property is determined by jurisdiction legal guidelines and any deed restrictions on both of your properties. As a common rule, legal guidelines usually state {that a} fence should be constructed no less than 2 – 8 inches from a neighbor’s property line. A fence constructed straight on a property line might end in a joint accountability of the fence between the neighbors, together with upkeep and prices. Simply as a precaution, should you or a neighbor are pondering of constructing a fence on or close to one in every of your private home’s property traces, make sure that to seek the advice of your real estate agent on any guidelines and laws.

When There Is No Property Survey

When there isn’t a property survey, a county recorder might have a plat map. A plat map reveals a tract of land subdivided into plots. A developer normally creates a plat map earlier than constructing a subdivision or a neighborhood. A plat map can be utilized to find out property traces.

Learn Extra:How to Read Land Survey Plats

Property Survey FAQs

Nonetheless not sure how property surveys work or should you want one? We’ve answered a number of continuously requested query.

Is a property survey mandatory?

Property surveys is probably not legally required and is probably not a requirement for all mortgage lenders. You may order a survey at any time, however it may be particularly essential to order one when shopping for or developing a brand new residence.

Can I purchase a home and not using a survey?

Buying a home with out conducting a property survey may be dangerous. Not contemplating the boundary traces of the property may result in unexpected issues down the street. It’s additionally value contemplating a property survey when shopping for a house.

Do I would like a survey if I’m a money purchaser?

Since you are buying the house utilizing money, there aren’t any lender necessities to have a boundary survey accomplished. Nonetheless, a survey could also be required do you have to determine to buy title insurance coverage.

How you can Legally Decide Property Strains

Rent a Licensed Land Surveyor

To get an correct dedication of property traces that can stand as much as authorized scrutiny, you’ll want to rent an expert surveyor. (Word that the majority states require licensure of land surveyors; test your state’s necessities.)

Whereas an expert survey might price a a number of to a number of hundred {dollars}—or extra, relying on property location, dimension, form, and terrain—it’s cash properly spent since property disputes price much more in time, potential hefty authorized charges, and neighborly goodwill.

How To Get A Property Survey

Now that you simply perceive the advantages of property surveys, you’re in all probability questioning how one can get essentially the most exact thought of your property’s authorized boundaries. There are a number of methods to go about getting a property survey.

Rent A Land Surveyor

Fortunately for grazing deer and hungry rabbits, not each plot of land is clearly outlined and enclosed by a white picket fence. As land shifts over time, some preliminary property line markers might now not exist. In case you have any questions on property traces, the most secure factor to do is rent a land surveyor.

An expert land surveyor is an professional in defining property traces. They use their expertise, training and specialised discipline tools to create legally binding property surveys. They will even function professional witnesses in courtroom circumstances about land disputes. (Keep in mind once we talked about encroachments earlier?)

In the course of the property survey, a land surveyor will evaluate historic data and information with any current markers to precisely outline your property traces – and their findings are legally binding. This course of takes time, effort and boots-on-the-ground legwork, so hiring a well-respected and well-reviewed land surveyor earlier than buying land or starting any new residence expansions is your finest wager to keep away from any authorized points sooner or later. Name round for quotes earlier than you determine, and be cautious of any too-good-to-be-true low estimates.

Test The Property Deed

A number of totally different types of deeds are utilized in actual property. A property deed is a written authorized doc that transfers possession of a property from the grantor to the grantee. (To not be confused with a title, which is the precise doc that states who legally owns the property.) One of these deed may have a number of items of essential details about the property: correct proprietor names, actual handle, tax map quantity, authorized description, restrictions, and different data like situations of the switch and reservations of rights by a previous proprietor. Whereas some deeds solely reference so much or block quantity, many embrace detailed measurements within the type of – yep, you guessed it – a property survey accomplished by a land surveyor.

Search Property Survey Information

Whereas there isn’t a nationwide archive of actual property data, many states require property surveys to be filed with the native authorities. You may seek for property surveys by visiting the courthouse, property or assessor’s workplace the place your new land is positioned. You have to to manually test transfers, necessities and restrictions on the property. This avenue may be time-consuming, nevertheless it’s a free to low-cost approach to empower your self with the information and historical past of your new property’s authorized boundaries.

Discover A Property Survey On-line

Can’t make it to the courthouse? No worries, many native governments maintain property data on-line. To seek for your piece of land, you’ll want particular particulars in regards to the property you need to lookup. Collect as a lot data as you’ll be able to, like the road handle, boundary descriptions and date of the final survey, and search the official county or assessor’s web site the place the property is positioned.

The extra data you’ve gotten, the simpler will probably be so that you can discover the survey you want. Not all data can be digitized, however the outcomes of your search might make it easier to slender down the precise workplace the place your survey is positioned. You may then name the workplace and ask if they will mail you a replica of the survey.

Geographical Data System (GIS) maps and property search websites are a greater choice when you’ve got restricted data in your property. Nonetheless, these websites usually cost a payment or require a subscription.

Contact The Earlier Surveyor

Land surveyors maintain copies of the property surveys they full. (Legally, the survey belongs to them.) If you already know the title and get in touch with data of the earlier land surveyor, strive reaching out. It’s very seemingly that, for a payment, they will ship you a replica. Land surveys normally final 5 to 10 years after they’re accomplished, so if the earlier survey was accomplished a very long time in the past, it’s in all probability a good suggestion to get a brand new one accomplished even should you find the official doc.

Backside line

You won’t want a property survey accomplished earlier than shopping for a house. However in some circumstances, your lender or title firm may require one, so ensure you’re ready. Whether or not you’re closing on a house or planning a serious addition, understanding your property’s exact boundary traces may help keep away from pricey complications and disputes with neighbors in a while.


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