How to Read a Land Survey Map

What Are Property Strains?

Property strains, or boundary strains, outline the factors the place properties start and finish. These boundaries are used when putting in options akin to fences, swimming pools and residential additions. Some property strains have bodily markers, whereas others are invisible.

It’s vital to know {that a} property line within the entrance of the home determines the measured distance of the land, often known as the frontage. In distinction, the property boundaries on the facet of your home are often known as sidelines. Realizing this data is useful when property homeowners are making potential enhancements to their residence, akin to including a fence or making main landscaping selections.


Studying a Plat Map in a Property Survey

Studying a plat map is a simple course of if you recognize what you’re on the lookout for. The lot quantity will likely be included within the middle of every plot of land. The strains that separate each bit of land will present you the scale of the property. If there are any easements on the land, this data will likely be positioned just under the lot quantity. Some plat maps will even embrace the sq. footage of every lot, which might be useful once you’re making an attempt to find out the scale of a chunk of land. Since no pointless data is included in a plat map, they need to by no means be too troublesome to learn.

You should use a plat map for quite a few conditions. If you wish to buy a house or a plot of land, this map will let you evaluate the knowledge on the plat map with the knowledge that the vendor is offering to you. In case you’re a home-owner, this map might be helpful if ever you will have a dispute along with your neighbor concerning the borders of your land. The plat map will assist you decide the place your property ends and the place the opposite begins.

Whether or not you’re a home-owner or potential purchaser, these maps can be utilized to your profit. In case you need assistance shopping for or promoting your Los Angeles County or Ventura County residence, contact Nicki & Karen Southern California Luxury Real Estate right this moment to search out out extra about what these processes entail.

Surveyor Phrases

As with all business, a surveyor possesses a big vocabulary of technical phrases. Whereas a few of these phrases are frequent for anybody to know, some are extremely particular. This record explains a few of the extra frequent technical phrases, however for a more comprehensive list, please read this PDF.

  • Arroyo – A small and steep-walled dry watercourse with a flat flooring. Often known as a gulch or gully (mostly within the American Southwest)
  • Financial institution – The sting of a stream. 
  • Mattress and Banks – Refers back to the backside of a physique of water discovered on the property.
  • Backside – The land beside a river.
  • Department – a small stream. Often known as a brook or creek.
  • Drain – A stream that had since dried.
  • Ford – A shallow level in a stream that may be crossed on foot. 
  • Fork – The assembly level of two streams.
  • Intestine – A stream that passes by way of a slim handed between hills.
  • Head – The supply of a stream.
  • Headwaters – Smaller streams that mix to create a bigger stream. 
  • Kill – The Dutch phrase for creek
  • Narrows – A slim a part of a stream. 
  • Run – A small stream.
  • Shoal – A shallow level of a river or stream.
  • Spring – A physique of water fed by a pure spring.
  • Thalweg – An imaginary line connecting the bottom factors of a stream’s channel. 
  • Vly – The Dutch phrase for swampy lowland.

How one can Learn a Plat Map

The plat map that you receive for a title search o

The plat map that you simply obtain for a title search or once you purchase a house will embrace a important quantity of symbols and numbers, that are used to set the boundaries of property strains, bushes, geography, and utilities. The quantity and identify of the subdivision that your land is in may even be included on the plat map. The supply of this data would be the workplace of the county assessor. Every lot of land that’s positioned within the subdivision can have a home quantity that’s assigned to it together with a parcel number. These numbers will likely be underlined and set in a daring typeface, which ought to make them simple to determine.

The property strains that you simply see on the plat map can have numbers alongside them. These numbers point out the scale of the lot in query. You must also be capable of decide the final form of the property that you simply’re considering buying. The parcel quantity that’s assigned to every lot by the county assessor will embrace three separate numbers, which lengthen to the guide quantity, the guide web page quantity, and a person parcel quantity. The three teams of numbers are readily separated by a hyphen. The guide numbers and web page numbers are positioned on the nook of the map. So long as you recognize what you’re , a plat map isn’t too troublesome to learn. The vast majority of plat maps will embrace a logo legend that makes it even simpler to learn.

A plat map is an important instrument for householders, realtors, and land builders due to the exhaustive quantity of knowledge that it gives. The data on a plat map serves as a authorized description of the particular parcel of land, which might be useful in a wide range of conditions. This data will let you stop any unintentional trespassing in your land and might be extremely vital once you’re seeking to promote or switch some property.

Associated Sources

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Property Line Disputes: What They Are And How To Resolve Them Refinancing – 4-minute read Andrew Dehan – May 23, 2022 Disputes over boundaries between properties can sometimes pop up among homeowners. Learn more about types of property line disputes and how to settle them here. Read More

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Dwelling Purchaser’s Information To Proper Of Manner Easements Dwelling Shopping for – 5-minute learn Kevin Graham – Might 23, 2022 Questioning if the home you’re shopping for would possibly include a proper of manner easement? Discover ways to verify and what it is going to imply if there’s one. Learn Extra

Land Dimensions and Boundary Orientation

Alongside the centre of the strong daring strains (the boundary your property), you will discover two units of numbers in daring textual content; the scale of the boundary and the orientation of the boundary relative to true north.

Boundary dimensions are proven in metres, the orientation of the boundary is proven in levels(°), minutes(‘) and seconds(“).

In our instance, the picture exhibits our northern boundary (the highest of the web page) and our jap boundary (proper hand facet of the web page).

The size of the boundary on the high of the web page is 20.73 (metres). The boundary on the fitting hand facet has a size of 37.69 (metres).

The highest boundary is 85°(levels) and 09′(minutes) from true north. The orientation of the boundary is mostly helpful in figuring out in case your block is really rectangular of if the corners of the allotment are usually not precisely 90° (levels).

The boundary on the fitting hand facet has an orientation of 175°(levels) 08′(minutes) 30″(seconds). Because of this the angle between the highest and proper hand facet boundary of the property is 89°00’30” and never precisely 90° (levels).

This could have implications on the design of your house as typically, your house will likely be really rectangular. It’s helpful to hunt the recommendation of a licensed surveyor earlier than beginning the design of your new home to keep away from pricey adjustments sooner or later.

Focus on your Boundary Survey with a Licensed Surveyor

When you have learn our information and nonetheless have questions, your surveyor will likely be more than pleased to help. In case you can not get involved with the Licensed Surveyor that signed your plan, workers of their workplace must also be capable of help you.



Title Firm Necessities

The title firm would require a survey earlier than they are going to subject the title. If the present proprietor already has a survey, the title firm must assessment it to find out whether it is acceptable (most are).

If there have been adjustments to the property like a transformed storage or a pool, a brand new survey is required. If the vendor does present a survey, they need to full (and have notarized) a T-47 type (often known as a Residential Actual Property Affidavit).

If the proprietor doesn’t have a survey, the customer sometimes pays the price. A survey will price round $350 in Texas.

Having the ability to learn a survey will let you know the precise nature of the property you’re buying.

This can assist you keep away from any misunderstandings (together with future authorized arguments over who owns what).

Study the Legend

Have a look at the map’s legend, which is a listing of the symbols used on the map and what they imply. Not all maps carry a legend, however you could find lists of land survey symbols at a number of official establishments just like the Bureau of Land Administration. Symbols can symbolize lakes and rivers or bridges and phone strains. Boundaries for states and counties are represented on the map with various kinds of strains.

Surveys may comprise:

  • Location of the land
  • Names of subdivisions
  • Dimension or acreage
  • Date of the survey
  • Scale bar (a bar that exhibits the lengths of sure strains in relation to others)
  • An arrow that exhibits orientation (in relation to Magnetic North)
  • Surveyor’s data
  • Surveyor’s seal
  • Plat Legend (a type of draftsman shorthand that explains what the symbols, abbreviations and contours imply)
  • Easements and restrictions
  • A location sketch

The very best recommendation is all the time to do your homework. Just remember to perceive precisely what you’re getting once you purchase a house or property.

At all times ask questions on something you don’t perceive.


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