How high should I position the range hood above the stove?

Vary hood top doesn’t rely upon fan measurement

Range hoods of all sizes have to be mounted both between 28 and 36 inches above the cooktop for indoor hoods or 36 to 42 inches above the cooktop for out of doors hoods.


Air flow Hoods to Keep away from


BEST Downdraft behind the cooktopBEST Downdraft behind the cooktop

Air flow errors have been a giant a part of our webinars. Our “Appliances You Should Never Buy” webinar featured downdrafts because the primary equipment it’s best to keep away from.

Downdrafts reverse gravity and have zero seize space. A lot of the energy burners at the moment are on the entrance of ranges, and but a downdraft is behind the vary. 

Learn Extra: Can You Install a Downdraft Vent Behind a Range?

Over-the-Vary Microwaves

Samsung Over-the-Range Microwave above a freestandSamsung Over-the-Vary Microwave above a freestanding gasoline vary

Over-the-range microwaves centralize your cooking. I like them as an idea, but their CFM is barely 310 with little seize space.

You might need to take into consideration a hood and inserting the microwave elsewhere.

Learn Extra: Are Over-the-Range Microwaves Going Out of Style?

Cirrus Hoods

BEST Cirrus Hood inserted into the ceilingBEST Cirrus Hood inserted into the ceiling

These hoods are new, Italian-inspired, and delightful. Nevertheless, by inserting the hood within the ceiling, a number of the smoke will dissipate earlier than being extracted.

For those who prepare dinner loads, then I might take into account different choices.

Further Options That Might (or Might Not) be Price Your Cash

Picture by Courtesy of IKEA
  • A number of fan speeds: You really want solely excessive and low settings. For those who’ve acquired all of the burners cranked up, you may want extra air flow. However a low velocity ought to suffice when utilizing only one or two pans over medium warmth.
  • Warmth sensors: By sensing temperature adjustments, some models will activate the fan mechanically or modify to the suitable velocity.
  • Distant management: This may be helpful for hard-to-reach island hoods or for instances if you’re (briefly) away from the range.
  • Exhaust timers: After a sure time period, usually 10 minutes, this characteristic shuts off the blower mechanically—helpful if you wish to depart the fan working to handle lingering odors.
  • Constructed-in storage: Quick on cupboard and counter house? Search for a hood with rails across the entrance and sides for hanging small pans and utensils. Sure designs additionally create a shallow shelf on the fringe of the hood.

Proven: A built-in shelf and rails maintain spices and utensils. IKEA Datid hood, about $680; for shops

How do you mount an island vary hood?

Mounting your island vary hood is completely different than partitions and below cupboards. Since this hood is free-standing above an island, it’s worthwhile to make a number of marks on the ceiling and be sure that it’s supported with further help brackets.

Earlier than you do something, collect the appropriate supplies!

Since you want extra help for an island hood in comparison with a wall or below cupboard hood, there are 4 steps to take earlier than you possibly can dangle it.

The primary one is probably the most related – once more, you’ll be making measurements and discovering a spot the place you need to mount your hood that’s supported by joists. However this time you’ll be making marks in your ceiling, so be sure you seize a ladder.

The primary two stuff you’ll do are:

  1. Find two ceiling joists and mark them with a pencil or marker in your ceiling. Your ceiling bracket will mount to those joists.
  2. Draw a sq. within the middle of the set up space in your ceiling. A laser stage works nice to search out this precise middle space. The scale of the set up space is dependent upon the scale of your ductwork.

Word: You want some room to put in your ceiling brackets, although, so don’t mark your set up space too near the ductwork.

Go away at the very least a number of inches of house between the set up space markings and your ductwork (You’ll hint the ductwork out close to the tip of Step 1).

Higher-CFM range hoods require bigger ductwork. As well as, since island range hoods are uncovered to your kitchen air on all sides, they require extra CFM than partitions or undercabinets to maintain all of the undesirable air outdoors your own home.

In some circumstances, the ductwork measurement is dependent upon the mannequin. You’ll find the duct measurement for each mannequin on Proline’s product pages. You probably have any questions, name us at (877) 901-5530.

Step 2 and 3 involve the extra support I mentioned

Step 2 and three contain the additional help I discussed above: the ceiling bracket and your help brackets:

Since an island hood is free-standing, the chimney

Since an island hood is free-standing, the chimney must be put in earlier than it’s mounted, in contrast to wall and below cupboard vary hoods. That is a part of the rationale that the ceiling bracket and help brackets are so necessary. They hold the chimney firmly in place.

Now you can mount your island range hood. Island r

Now you possibly can mount your island vary hood. Island vary hoods don’t mount utilizing a bracket. As a substitute, they fasten into the supporting bracket. Right here’s how:

  1. Set your hood instantly below the chimney you put in in step 4.
  2. Screw it into all 4 supporting brackets.
  3. Slide the telescoping chimney down till it meets the highest of your vary hood.

How a lot CFM for a gasoline vary?

Gasoline cooktops, by their very nature, are likely to generate a whole lot of scorching, stuffy air throughout cooking. You probably have knowledgeable gasoline cooktop, you will want to be extra cautious since these have a better burner output than conventional gasoline cooktops.

For the professional gas cooking ranges, the most

For the skilled gasoline cooking ranges, the most typical vary hood is the 18” cover wall hood. Any such vary hood ought to be put in on the top of 30” to 36” above the cooktop. A distinct type of vary hood for skilled gasoline cooking ranges is the vent hood insert/liner. It’s designed to be put in inside a customized cupboard above the cooktop, and since most customized hoods are designed to match the kitchen cabinetry, the most typical materials is wooden. Any such vary hood requires a larger clearance from the cooktop as a result of wooden cupboard, and the really useful set up top is 36” above the cooking floor.

The standard below cupboard hoods and the chimney-style hoods are additionally a bit widespread. These vary hoods require at the very least 30” clearance from the cooktop to the underside of the vary hood. For the island kitchens, the freestanding/island fashion vary hoods are put in. These are supported by the ceiling, as in comparison with the opposite fashions that are supported by the wall.

A wooden fashion island vary hood ought to have at the very least 36” clearance from the cooktop, whereas a stainless steel range hood would require a 30” clearance. So as to add to the peak consideration for the island vary hood, additionally it is really useful that the hood be slightly wider than the cooktop. For instance, in case your cooktop is 30”, a really useful width for the vary hood could be 36”.

What Dimension Ought to a Vent Hood cowl Be?

In case you are shopping for a brand new vent hood in your kitchen there are some tips for a way giant it ought to be. The scale is dependent upon whether or not your oven is on an island or hooked up to a wall. It additionally is dependent upon how massive your vary itself is.

Ideally you need your vary hood to be at the very least as vast as your vary or cooktop. With that stated, they arrive in fairly customary sizes. Most vary hoods are available 30 inch and 36 inch widths. Most ranges are available 30 inch and 36 inch sizes.

You probably have a 36 inch vary, you want at LEAST a 36 inch vent hood. You probably have a 30 inch oven you should utilize a 30 inch vent hood. Get the scale that’s at the very least as giant as your vary.

Noise Discount Options

Illustration by Jason Schneider

Frightened {that a} highly effective vent hood’s overly loud whir will make it inconceivable to hold on a dialog whilst you prepare dinner? Though most blowers are within the hood, they will also be positioned in numerous areas to assist cut back the noise. You simply have to specify the place you need it earlier than you order the hood.

In-line blowers are situated within the ductwork within the wall or between the ceiling joists. However whereas the fan noise could also be much less noticeable, you continue to would possibly hear the duct vibrating.

A greater possibility is a distant or exterior blower, the place the fan is positioned on the roof or exterior wall with the exhaust vent. Inserting the blower outdoors may also liberate cupboard house.

Producer’s Guide

As with each product, vary hoods include set up manuals from the producer. These manuals define the really useful situations for optimum effectivity and ought to be among the many central guides to how excessive the hood might be put in. It is very important take into account the guide necessities together with all the opposite issues to make sure the vary hood is put in correctly. For instance, a variety hood set up guide for a SMEG vary hood recommends that the space between the cooktop and the underside of the vary hood ought to be 65cm except the cooktop set up guide dictates in any other case. These suggestions are a wonderful place to start out when figuring out the peak at which your vary hood will function effectively and safely.

What Occurs If You Set up Vary hood Too Far From Your Range?

1. Inefficient Venting 

As one would count on, situating your vary hood too far out of your range or cooktop might end in inefficient venting. The buildup of greasy air and smoke in your kitchen would possibly get an excessive amount of, just because your vary hood is situated too far out of your cooktop to soak up any of those effectively. 

This may additional end in quite a few issues reminiscent of you having to spend money on a make-up air package to permit for air flow in your kitchen – one thing that fully defeats the aim of getting a variety hood within the first place.

2. Elevated Pressure on the Vent Motor 

As talked about earlier than, the vent motor is the a part of your vary hood that’s chargeable for sucking within the impurities of the air – and in case your vary hood itself is situated too removed from the cooktop or range, then it can naturally consequence within the vent motor not being efficient sufficient to meet its goal. 

This can additional end in you utilizing the vent motor at larger speeds, which can cut back its longevity exponentially resulting in you having to exchange the vent motor extra often. 

3. Potential Grease Buildup from Escaped Fumes 

Naturally, the remainder of your kitchen will begin to bear the brunt of your vary hood not working successfully. The fumes that aren’t sucked in by the vary hood will then begin to settle throughout your kitchen, build up the grease in your kitchen rampantly. 

The seize space of the vary hood can be larger, which means that the vent motor should work at intense speeds with a view to perform correctly – nevertheless, even this is not going to be sufficient to stop your kitchen from being affected by the greasy fumes that the vary hood will be unable to include.

Vary Hoods on Etsy

Do you need to make an actual assertion together with your vary hood, however you aren’t into DIY? Etsy is your greatest pal. There are makers on Etsy that may make a customized vent hood to suit your house. Check out these, they aren’t low-cost however they’ll actually up the WOW consider your kitchen.

  • This vent hood might be painted to match your cupboards or to make a press release. The vendor EMBerstore has 5 Stars.
  • This shiplap venthood can be customized made by BlueFigArtisan, one other 5 star vendor.
  • That is one other vary hood made by BlueFigArtisan, which might even be stained.

You must pay to ship these and it’s not cheap, however if you wish to make your kitchen look customized it may be well worth the funding.

Vary Hood Peak Over the Range

The peak of the cooktop, the peak of the folks utilizing the vary, the drop of the ceiling over the cooktop and the presence of cabinetry above the vary hood – all assist decide the perfect top of the vary hood. In case your vary is electrical, most producers suggest mounting the hood between 20 to 24 inches above the cooktop. Gasoline ranges or cooktops, nevertheless, require between 25 to 30 inches. Set up the hood any decrease, and it may result in a hearth. And, if put in larger – gasoline or electrical – it will probably cut back the effectiveness of the hood, in accordance with Rangecraft.

Most ranges are 30 inches vast; due to this fact, a 30-inch hood is suitable. Be certain the CFM is, at minimal, 100, as a result of the perfect CFM is 250. A 36-inch vary requires a 36-inch hood with a really useful CFM of 300. And a 48-inch vary works greatest with a 400-CFM vary hood.

Part 2 – Planning For Set up

Ducted or Ductless?

Vary hoods might be put in in 2 configurations: ducted (“vented”) or ductless (“ventless” or “recirculating”). In a ducted set up, a duct carries the air from the vary hood to the surface of the home; in a ductless set up, the air is scrubbed by a further set of charcoal filters, after which returned to the kitchen.

At any time when potential, it’s really useful to attach a variety hood to an out of doors duct. Not solely will this end in higher efficiency in comparison with ductless installations, but in addition decrease noise.

Ducted Set up

It is best to at all times comply with the producer’s suggestions for the duct measurement and kind when putting in a variety hood. Connecting a variety hood to a smaller duct than specified will result in lack of efficiency, and should even trigger overheating issues resulting in mechanical failure.

Nearly all high-performance vary hoods require using inflexible ducting. The reason being easy: versatile ducting has ridged partitions, which create turbulence. As a substitute of a easy stream, the airflow is randomized, inflicting lack of efficiency and extra noise. Conversely, a inflexible duct has easy partitions which assist to maintain the airflow laminar, which is very necessary for vary hoods that extract greater than 200-300 cubic ft per minute.

Versatile ducting can be vulnerable to cracking and rupture, which may price lots of of {dollars} to find and restore. Inflexible ducting could also be barely dearer and slightly tougher to put in, however it’s the proper approach to go. (Additionally, many native constructing codes require using inflexible ducting for kitchen air flow).

In a ducted set up, charcoal filters shouldn’t be used.

Ducted Set up – Exterior Discharge

One of the critical errors in vary hood set up is terminating the duct in an enclosed house, e. g. the attic.

This can trigger the vary hood to function improperly (if it operates in any respect), as a result of back-pressure from the enclosed house. Regardless of how massive the house is, air received’t be compressed – vary hoods are high-airflow gadgets, not high-pressure.

As well as, venting heat moist air from the kitchen into attic house is a recipe for a significant mildew development drawback.

If the vary hood doesn’t suction air after set up, otherwise you truly really feel air blowing out from the filter floor – undoubtedly examine the ductwork.

Ducted Set up – Duct Caps / Roof Caps

An outdoor duct that exits via a aspect wall ought to finish with a duct cap, whereas roof-mounted ducts are typically terminated with a “U” formed elbow, permitting the air to exit whereas conserving out the rain and snow.

Ensure that the cap is identical measurement/diameter because the duct – utilizing a smaller cap will trigger issues with airflow and static strain. Some installers assume it’s OK to terminate a 6-inch duct with a 4-inch cap… however it’s not OK. Not even shut.

No matter the kind of termination, it’s necessary to have a damper (additionally referred to as “backdraft” or “airflow controller”) on the finish of the duct. The damper retains outdoors air from back-flowing into the duct, in addition to conserving out disagreeable surprises within the type of birds, bugs, and squirrels.

It’s a good suggestion to examine the situation of the duct cap at the very least as soon as each couple of years – be certain that it’s not clogged, and the louvers and/or backdraft function freely and easily.

Ductless (Recirculating) Set up

Though it’s at all times really useful to attach the vary hood to an out of doors duct, there are conditions the place that is merely inconceivable. Many high-rise condominiums and co-operative buildings prohibit any modifications that pierce the surface partitions of the constructing. Extremely-modern condos with concrete ceilings and floor-to-ceiling glass home windows additionally exclude the potential of an out of doors duct.

The answer is putting in the vary hood in “ductless”, additionally referred to as “recirculating” mode. On this state of affairs, along with the metallic filters that soak up the grease droplets, the hood makes use of charcoal filters (aka “carbon filters”) to soak up odors. After the air has been de-greased and de-odorized, it’s launched again into the room.

For those who intend to put in your vary hood in ductless mode, you’ll additionally have to:

  • Order charcoal filters (offered individually)
  • Ensure that the charcoal filter is put in within the hood
  • Change the filter each 6 months

One of the necessary issues to remember with ductless hoods, is that the charcoal filter ought to be modified commonly. Ultimately, it turns into clogged with grease and odor particles, and can limit airflow, which may trigger the blower motor to overheat and fail prematurely. For those who can’t change the charcoal filter, it’s truly higher to take away the it, than to function the vary hood with a clogged filter.

Substitute filters can be found on our web site, within the “Vary Hood Equipment” class. Word that there are a number of sorts of carbon filters – please verify which sort your vary hood mannequin makes use of, prior to buying.


The two most necessary issues for the ability connection to the vary hood are: don’t reduce the plug, and ensure the hood is related to a devoted line.

Don’t Reduce The Plug

One of the widespread issues with equipment set up is {the electrical} connection. The rule-of-thumb (and the UL regulation, BTW) is straightforward: if an equipment comes with uncovered wires, it have to be hardwired; if it comes with a plug, it have to be plugged in. Following this rule will keep away from issues with producer’s guarantee, in addition to potential points with inspection. All Futuro Futuro vary hoods are geared up with an influence twine that has a US/Canada customary, 3-pin grounded, 110-volt plug.

Some installers like to avoid wasting a couple of minutes (versus putting in an outlet) and reduce the plug & splice it instantly into {the electrical} line as a substitute. Don’t allow them to do that! Not solely is hardwiring a foul thought from the point of view of rules and inspection, but when there’s a have to service the vary hood, the technician should be capable of disconnect the hood and plug within the diagnostic gear. If the hood is hardwired, solely a licensed electrician is allowed to switch the wiring. Keep away from this drawback by ensuring the plug will not be reduce and the hood is plugged into an outlet.

Don’t Share The Line

One other good rule to comply with is connecting every main equipment – together with the vary hood – to its personal separate (devoted) electrical line. It’s not a query of amperage (or “load”) on every wire, however relatively making certain that every equipment doesn’t intrude with the others by inflicting voltage drops or introducing electrical noise into the road.

Units like gasoline range ignitors, fridge compressors, and microwave magnetrons, can place a momentary however important load on the circuit. Mixing and matching completely different gadgets on the identical line isn’t a good suggestion, however particularly so when one of many gadgets is supplied with delicate electronics or lighting transformers.

Please be certain that there’s a devoted line obtainable for the vary hood, that’s not shared with another home equipment, or dimmable lights. This is not going to solely guarantee longer service life, however makes troubleshooting and isolating potential issues loads simpler.


The proper set up top of your vary hood is dependent upon the kind of vary you could have. For max effectivity in your kitchen, keep in mind these really useful top ranges:


  • You probably have a gasoline vary, set up your vary hood 24 to 36 inches above your cooktop. 
  • You probably have an electrical vary, set up your vary hood 20 to 24 inches above your cooktop.
  • You probably have an out of doors grill, set up your vary hood 36 to 42 inches above your cooktop.


Apart from the kind of vary, different components in selecting a variety hood embody the cubic ft per minute and your kitchen format.

Contemplating these standards rigorously will assist you select the most effective vary hood in your particular kitchen wants.

Good luck putting in your model new vary hood! You need to be good to go so long as you comply with all of our directions and important pointers.


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